Who is Moses Hess and why should we care?

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Who is Moses Hess and why should we care?

Postby Atlas » Thu Mar 25, 2010 9:07 pm

Who is Moses Hess and why should we care?



Guys,


This indeed is a very important person, not many people in the world have any idea who Moses Hess or why it even matters. I just finished the book, Moses Hess: Prophet of Communism and Zionism. You can obtain the book from Amazon.com if you wish to do so.



Moses Hess: Prophet of Communism and Zionism





by Shlomo Avineri
http://www.amazon.com/Moses-Hess-Prophe ... 814705871#]



http://www.amazon.com/Moses-Hess-Prophe ... 0814705871



I also recommended,

Moses Hess and Modern Jewish Identity:



by: Ken Koltun-Fromm


http://www.amazon.com/Moses-Hess-Modern ... 39340#noop


After much study about Moses Hess and his converts to Communism Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels. I have learned a few interesting things about Zionism and Communism. There many people that have so much influence in the world that we know so little about.

It seems Moses Hess got his big start with the book he wrote called Rome and Jerusalem. If you would like to read this book by the Jewish man you may find a copy online fore free. It is a true find, if you want to understand the world we live in today. Below is a little information about on of God's chosen people.



Being married too a German/Jew myself I have gained some insight into Jewish history, culture and what Jewish people today and in the near past are thinking and have thought. Make no mistake about it my friends. Moses Hess was one of the most important people too have lived over the past 200 year as far as this world is concerned.



http://www.zionism-israel.com/bio/biogr ... s_hess.htm


Biography - Moses Hess, Socialism and Zionism


Moses Hess was born Moritz Hess in Bonn on June 21, 1812. He received a Jewish religious education from his grandfather, and later studied philosophy at the University of Bonn, but never graduated. As correspondent for a socialist newspaper that he helped to found, he lived in Paris, fleeing to Belgium and Switzerland temporarily following the suppression of the 1848 commune and again during the Franco-Prussian war. When his father died in 1851, Hess used his inheritance to marry a prostitute, in defiance of social norms. Hess was originally an assimilationist Jew who turned first to utopian and then to scientific socialism. Hess was a friend and collaborator of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. Hess converted Engels to Communism, and introduced Marx to social and economic problems. He played a an important role in transforming Hegelian dialectical idealism theory of history to the dialectical materialism of Marxism, by conceiving of man as the initiator of history rather than as a mere observer.

Hess was probably responsible for several "Marxian" slogans and ideas, including "religion is the opium of the people. He also is "credited" with Marx's notion that Jews were in love with money. However, Hess became reluctant to base all history on economic causes and class struggle, and he came to see the struggle of races, or nationalities, as the prime factor of past history. From 1861 to 1863 he lived in Germany, where he became acquainted with the rising tide of German Anti-Semitism and the assimilationist Jewish movement. He changed his name to Moses in protest against assimilationism. In this period he apparently returned to religion in the form of Spinoza's pantheism, which he somehow did not find incompatible with orthodoxy. . He published "Rome and Jerusalem " in 1862. Hess contemplated the rise of Italian nationalism and the German reaction to it, and from this he arrived at the idea of Jewish national revival, and at his prescient understanding that the Germans would not be tolerant of the national aspirations of others and would be particularly intolerant of the Jews.

]Hess's Rome and Jerusalem went unnoticed in his time, along with the rest of this writings. German Jews were bent on assimilation and did not heed Hess's unfashionable warnings. His work did not stimulate any political activity or discussion. Hess's contribution, like Pinkser's Autoemancipation, became important only in retrospect, as the Zionist movement began to crystallize and to generate an audience.

Hess died in Paris in 1875. As he requested, he was buried in the Jewish cemetery of Cologne. In 1961 he was re-interred in the Kinnereth Cemetery in Israel along with other Socialist-Zionists such as Nahum Syrkin, Ber Borochov, and Berl Katznelson Ami Isseroff


You can also find out more information about Moses hess in the link below.



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moses_Hess



Hess was born in Bonn, which was under French rule at the time. In his French-language birth certificate, his name is given as "Moises"; he was named after his maternal grandfather.

[Hess received a Jewish religious education from his grandfather, and later studied philosophy at the University of Bonn, but never graduated.
He was an early proponent of, and a precursor to what would later be called. His works included Holy History of Mankind (1837), European Triarchy (1841) and Rome and Jerusalem (1862). He married a Catholic working-class woman, Sibylle Pesch, in defiance of bourgeois values;in socialist literature the idea was propagated that she was a prostitute 'redeemed' by Hess, but that notion has been refuted by Hess' biographer Silberner.


As correspondent for the "Rheinische Zeitung", a radical newspaper founded by liberal Rhenish businessmen (and for which also worked), he lived in Paris, fleeing to Belgium and Switzerland temporarily following the suppression of the 1848 commune and again during the Franco-Prussian war.

Communism
Hess originally advocated Jewish integration into the universalist socialist movement, and was a friend and collaborator of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. Hess converted Engels to Communism, and introduced Marx to social and economic problems. He played an important role in transforming Hegelian dialectical idealism theory of history to the dialectical materialism of Marxism, by conceiving of man as the initiator of history through his active consciousness.

Hess was probably responsible for several "Marxian" slogans and ideas, including religion as the "opiate of the people." Hess became reluctant to base all history on economic causes and class struggle, and he came to see the struggle of races, or nationalities, as the prime factor of past history.

Proto-Zionism
From 1861 to 1863 he lived in Germany, where he became acquainted with the rising tide of German Anti-Semitism. It was then that he reverted to his Jewish name Moses in protest against assimilationism. In this period he apparently returned to religion in the form of Spinoza's pantheism, which he somehow did not find incompatible with orthodoxy. He published Rome and Jerusalem in 1861. Hess interprets history as a circle of race and class struggles. He contemplated the rise of Italian nationalism and the German reaction to it, and from this he arrived at the idea of Jewish national revival, and at his prescient understanding that the Germans would not be tolerant of the national aspirations of others and would be particularly intolerant of the Jews. His book calls for the establishment of a Jewish socialist commonwealth in Palestine, in line with the emerging national movements in Europe and as the only way to respond to antisemitism and assert Jewish identity in the modern world.

Hess's Rome and Jerusalem. The Last National Question went unnoticed in his time, along with the rest of his writings. Most German Jews were bent on assimilation and did not heed Hess' unfashionable warnings. His work did not stimulate any political activity or discussion. Hess's contribution, like Leon Pinsker's Autoemancipation, became important only in retrospect, as the Zionist movement began to crystallize and to generate an audience in the late nineteenth century. When Theodor Herzl first read Rome and Jerusalem he wrote about Hess that "since Spinoza jewry had no bigger thinker than this forgotton Moses Hess" and that he would not have written Der Judenstaat (The Jewish State) if he had known Rome and Jerusalem beforehand. Wladimir Ze'ev Jabotinsky honored Hess in The Jewish Legion in World War as one of those people that made the Balfour declaration possible, together with Herzl, Rothschild and Pinsker.
Hess died in Paris in 1875. As he requested, he was buried in the Jewish cemetery of Cologne. In 1961 he was re-interred in the Kinneret Cemetery in Israel along with other Socialist-Zionists such as Nachman Syrkin, Ber Borochov, and Berl Katznelson. The moshavKfar Hess was named in his honour.

Quotes


"You may don a thousand masks, change your name and your religion and your mode of life, creep through the world incognito so that nobody notices that you are a Jew yet every insult to the Jewish name will wound you more than a man of honour who remains loyal to his family and defends his good name."
"Even an act of conversion cannot relieve the Jew of the enormous pressure of German anti-Semitism. The Germans hate the religion of the Jews less than they hate their race - they hate the peculiar faith of the Jews, less than their peculiar noses."
"The race struggle is the primal one, and the class struggle secondary. The last dominating race is the German."
"Yet it seems that a final race struggle is unavoidable"
"The Messianic era is the present age, which began to germinate with the teachings of Spinoza, and finally came into historical existence with the great French Revolution."
"To this coming cult, Judaism alone holds the key. This "religion of the future" of which the eighteenth century philosophers, as well as their recent followers, dreamed. Each nation will have to create its own historical cult; each people must become like the Jewish people, a people of God."
(Quotes from Rome and Jerusalem by Moses Hess)
"The Christian... imagines the better future of the human species... in the image of heavenly joy... We, on the other hand, will have this heaven on earth."
(Quote from A Communist Confession of Faith by Moses Hess)



Works by Hess

Holy History of Mankind (1837)
European Triarchy (1841)
On the Monetary System (1845) could this title be "On the Essence of Money [Uber das Geldwesan] see art and English trans in: Julius Kovesi, "Values and Evaluations", (Peter Lang, New York, 1998, American University Studies, ser V, vol 183) p. 127-207}
Communist Confession of Faith (1846), London (do not mistake with Draft of a Communist Confession of Faith authored mainly by Engels and with minor help of League of the Just/Communist League leaders Wilhelm Wolff and Karl Schapper
Rome and Jerusalem (1862)



Atlas
Last edited by Atlas on Fri Mar 26, 2010 5:21 pm, edited 9 times in total.
John 3:16 For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.
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Re: Who is Moses Hess and why should we care?

Postby Steve » Thu Mar 25, 2010 10:08 pm

Hi Brother, is there a link to the article? The text editor behaves quite oddly when html code is pasted into the bbcode editor and leaves the article looking the way it does above, either do that or turn the WYSIWYG editor OFF before pasting the text. The only other way is to manually edit the article, but because it contains hidden html code its never going to look right without a whole bunch of editing.

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Re: Who is Moses Hess and why should we care?

Postby Atlas » Fri Mar 26, 2010 5:18 pm

Steve,


I fixed it the best I could, it looks much better now, thanks for the hint.



Atlas
John 3:16 For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.
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Re: Who is Moses Hess and why should we care?

Postby Bill » Sat Apr 03, 2010 10:54 pm

Interesting information.   I've seen his name before in connection with Karl Marx.   This is very important for understanding modern events and how they connect to past history.

Karl Marx's communism has basic principles in common with Talmud Judaism - as opposed to Torah Judaism.  Karl Marx replaced the personal God of the Bible with impersonal natural laws (worshipping the creation instead of the creator) as Charles Darwin promoted.

Matthew 12: 1-15 shows Pharisees enforcing what is basically communist doctrine:  Meticulous application of hyper-extended strict rules which were invented by an elite ruling group.  Jesus responded by referring to the reality of scripture and using reason to apply it's truth.  The Pharisees reaction was typical of the communism derived from their Talmud religion; they plotterd to kill Jesus.  Making up rules stricter that what God said and giving God's authority to these rules was the way Eve prepared herself to be deceived by Satan in the Garden of Eden.  Talmud Judaism makes this into a system.

In John 12: 1-18 we have the account of how Judas opposed expensive ointment being used to worship Jesus because he wanted the ointment sold and the money placed in the treasurer's bag (which he controlled) for the purpose of charity for the poor so he could steal from the charity money.  This is a common method of communist theft.

Acts 6: 1-7 records what happened during the time of the early church when Christians were practicing a voluntary communist type of collection of financial resources to provide for members in need, especially widows.  The distribution resulted in the Greek widows being neglected in favor of the Hebrew widows.  The church leaders had to appoint seven honest, spirit-filled, wise men to supervise the distribution.  Apparently the Talmud promoting Judaizers who infested the church had to be opposed not only in doctrine but also in using church welfare funds.

The methods of theft and the violent murderous attitude toward people who don't co-operate with them, plus the traitorous attitude of Judas are a link between Talmud Judaism and modern Communism.
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